Madrid is hot and dry in summer—with temperatures reaching 35ºC (95°F) to 40ºC (105°F) in July and August—and chilly in winter, with minimum temperatures around 1ºC (in the low 30s) or slightly less in January and February, though snow in the city is rare. The most pleasant time to visit is spring, especially May, when the city honors its patron saint. June and September–December are also good.

If you can, avoid Madrid in July and August—especially August, even though fares are better and there are plenty of concerts and open-air activities; many locals flee to the coast or to the mountains, so many restaurants, bars, and shops are closed.