AARP MEMBER DISCOUNTS SEE MORE

Discounts and Deals

Clifton Hill Fun Pass (www.cliftonhill.com.)

Save-A-Buck coupon booklet (www.saveabuck.com.)

Transportation Contacts

GO Transit (888/438–6646 or 416/869–3200. www.gotransit.com.)

Niagara Falls VIA Rail Canada Train Station (4267 Bridge St., Niagara Falls, ON, L2E 2R6. 888/842–7245.)

VIA Rail (888/842–7245. www.viarail.ca.)

WEGO (905/356–1179. www.wegoniagarafalls.com.)

Visitor Information

Niagara Falls Tourism (5400 Robinson St., Niagara Falls, ON, L2G 2A6. 905/356–6061 or 800/563–2557. www.niagarafallstourism.com.)

Niagara Parks (905/371–0254 or 877/642–7275. www.niagaraparks.com.)

Niagara Falls: Past and Future

The story begins more than 10,000 years ago as a group of glaciers receded, diverting the waters of Lake Erie north into Lake Ontario. The force and volume of the water as it flowed over the Niagara Escarpment created the thundering cataracts. Erosion has been considerable since then, more than 7 miles in all, as the soft shale and sandstone of the escarpment have been washed away and the falls have receded. Diversions of the water for power generation have slowed the erosion somewhat, spreading the flow more evenly over the entire crestline of Horseshoe Falls. The erosion is now down to 1 foot or less per year.

At this rate—given effects of power generation and change in riverbed composition—geologists estimate it will be some 50,000 years before the majestic cascade is reduced to rapids somewhere near present-day Buffalo, 20 miles to the south.