Georgia's lush barrier islands meander down the Atlantic coast from Savannah to the Florida border. Notable for their subtropical beauty and abundant wildlife, the isles strike a unique balance between some of the country's wealthiest communities and some of its most jealously protected nature preserves. Until recently, large segments of the coast were in private hands, and as a result much of the region remains as it was when the first Europeans set eyes on it 450 years ago. Though the islands have long been a favorite getaway of the rich and famous, they no longer cater only to the well-heeled.St. Simons, Jekyll, Little St. Simons, and Sea islands are known collectively as Georgia's Golden Isles. And while even today Little St. Simons Island and Sea Island remain privately owned, each with its own exclusive resort catering to the very wealthy, St. Simons and Jekyll islands have morphed into relaxed beach communities. These more developed islands—although by Georgia law, only 35% of Jekyll's land can be developed—have become diverse havens with something for everyone, from beach bums to family vacationers to the suit-and-tie crowd.Sapelo Island and the Cumberland Island National Seashore are the least developed and, as protected nature preserves, the most ecologically intact of all the islands. With their miles of untouched beaches, forests of gnarly live-oak trees draped with Spanish moss, and rich swamps and marshlands, both islands are ideal camping destinations, with sites ranging from primitive to (relatively) sophisticated. Noncamping accommodations are available, but limited, and require booking well in advance. More commonly, many visitors opt to stay on the mainland and make day trips by ferry, private boat, or kayak.The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, 60 miles inland from St. Marys, near Folkston, is one of the largest freshwater wetlands in the United States. Spread over 700 square miles of southeastern Georgia and northeastern Florida, the swamp is a trove of flora and fauna that naturalist William Bartram called a "terrestrial paradise" when he visited in the 1770s. From towering cypress swamps to alligator- and snake-infested waters and prairielike wetlands, the Okefenokee is a mosaic of ecosystems, much of which has never been visited by humans.
Copyright © Fri May 26 18:37:33 EDT 2017 by Fodor's Travel, a division of Random House, LLC. All rights reserved.
Things You Can't Miss
Board a watercraft to explore the 700-square miles of freshwater wetlands teeming with birds, aquatic plant species, American alligators and snakes.
Okefenokee Swamp Park serves as the refuge’s northern entrance and has a 1½-mile railroad, nature shows and a reconstructed pioneer village.
Park naturalists lead boat tours including Sunset Swamp Paddles at this remote park that serves as the west entrance to the legendary swamp.
David Samuel Robbins/Corbis
Infectious diseases within our borders can lead to serious illness.
The main entrance to the Suwanee Canal Recreation Area has exhibits and films about life in the swamp; walk on one of several interpretative nature trails.
When packing for your trip, don't overpack. Light travel is much more enjoyable. These travel tips help eliminate items you don't need to keep your luggage in check.
The Okefenokee Heritage Center, situated in beautiful pine woodlands, features exhibits such as the Old Nine, a restored 1912 steam locomotive.
Michael Patrick O'Neill/Alamy
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